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Daniel 1   A Purpose in my Heart

In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. The Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God; and he carried them into the land of Shinar to the house of his god. He brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.
The king spoke to Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring in some of the children of Israel, even of the royal offspring and of the nobles; youths in whom was no defect, but well-favored, and skillful in all wisdom, and endowed with knowledge, and understanding science, and who had the ability to stand in the king’s palace; and that he should teach them the learning and the language of the Chaldeans. The king appointed for them a daily portion of the king’s dainties, and of the wine which he drank, and that they should be nourished three years; that at its end they should stand before the king.
Now among these were of the children of Judah: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. The prince of the eunuchs gave names to them: to Daniel he gave the name Belteshazzar; to Hananiah, Shadrach; to Mishael, Meshach; and to Azariah, Abednego.
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the king’s dainties, nor with the wine which he drank. Therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself. Now God made Daniel find kindness and compassion in the sight of the prince of the eunuchs. 10 The prince of the eunuchs said to Daniel, “I fear my lord the king, who has appointed your food and your drink. For why should he see your faces worse looking than the youths who are of your own age? Then you would endanger my head with the king.”
11 Then Daniel said to the steward whom the prince of the eunuchs had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah:12 “Test your servants, I beg you, ten days; and let them give us vegetables to eat, and water to drink. 13 Then let our faces be examined before you, and the face of the youths who eat of the king’s dainties; and as you see, deal with your servants.” 14 So he listened to them in this matter, and tested them for ten days.
15 At the end of ten days, their faces appeared fairer, and they were fatter in flesh, than all the youths who ate of the king’s dainties. 16 So the steward took away their dainties, and the wine that they would drink, and gave them vegetables.
17 Now as for these four youths, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom; and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.
18 At the end of the days which the king had appointed for bringing them in, the prince of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar. 19 The king talked with them; and among them all was found no one like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. Therefore stood they before the king. 20 In every matter of wisdom and understanding, concerning which the king inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters who were in all his realm.  21 Daniel continued even to the first year of king Cyrus.
  • At that time Berodach Baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah; for he had heard that Hezekiah had been sick.  Hezekiah listened to them, and showed them all the storehouse of his precious things, the silver, the gold, the spices, and the precious oil, and the house of his armor, and all that was found in his treasures. There was nothing in his house, or in all his dominion, that Hezekiah didn’t show them.  Then Isaiah the prophet came to king Hezekiah, and said to him, “What did these men say? From where did they come to you?” Hezekiah said, “They have come from a far country, even from Babylon.”   He said, “What have they seen in your house?” Hezekiah answered, “They have seen all that is in my house. There is nothing among my treasures that I have not shown them.”  Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear Yahweh’s word.  ‘Behold, the days come that all that is in your house, and that which your fathers have laid up in store to this day, will be carried to Babylon. Nothing will be left,’ says Yahweh.  ‘They will take away some of your sons who will issue from you, whom you will father; and they will be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.’”  Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “Yahweh’s word which you have spoken is good.” He said moreover, “Isn’t it so, if peace and truth will be in my days?”  Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and all his might, and how he made the pool, and the conduit, and brought water into the city, aren’t they written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?  Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and Manasseh his son reigned in his place.  2 Kings 20:12-21

  •  At that time,” says Yahweh, “I will be the God of all the families of Israel, and they will be my people.”  Yahweh says, “The people who survive the sword found favor in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.”  Yahweh appeared of old to me, saying, “Yes, I have loved you with an everlasting love. Therefore I have drawn you with loving kindness.  I will build you again, and you will be built, O virgin of Israel. You will again be adorned with your tambourines, and will go out in the dances of those who make merry.  Again you will plant vineyards on the mountains of Samaria. The planters will plant, and will enjoy its fruit.  For there will be a day that the watchmen on the hills of Ephraim cry, ‘Arise! Let’s go up to Zion to Yahweh our God.’”  For Yahweh says, “Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout for the chief of the nations. Publish, praise, and say, ‘Yahweh, save your people, the remnant of Israel!’  Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the uttermost parts of the earth, along with the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her who travails with child together. They will return as a great company.  They will come with weeping. I will lead them with petitions. I will cause them to walk by rivers of waters, in a straight way in which they won’t stumble; for I am a father to Israel. Ephraim is my firstborn.  “Hear Yahweh’s word, you nations, and declare it in the distant islands. Say, ‘He who scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd does his flock.’  For Yahweh has ransomed Jacob, and redeemed him from the hand of him who was stronger than he. They will come and sing in the height of Zion, and will flow to the goodness of Yahweh, to the grain, to the new wine, to the oil, and to the young of the flock and of the herd. Their soul will be as a watered garden. They will not sorrow any more at all.  Then the virgin will rejoice in the dance; the young men and the old together; for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow.  I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people will be satisfied with my goodness,” says Yahweh.  Yahweh says: “A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children. She refuses to be comforted for her children, because they are no more.”  Yahweh says: “Refrain your voice from weeping, and your eyes from tears; for your work will be rewarded,” says Yahweh. “They will come again from the land of the enemy. There is hope for your latter end,” says Yahweh. “Your children will come again to their own territory.   Jeremiah 31:1-17

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In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.
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  • But if you will not hear it, my soul will weep in secret for your pride. My eye will weep bitterly, and run down with tears, because Yahweh’s flock has been taken captive.  Jeremiah 13:17

    In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him.  Yahweh sent against him bands of the Chaldeans, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to Yahweh’s word, which he spoke by his servants the prophets.  2 Kings 24:1,2

    At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and the city was besieged.   And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants did besiege it.  And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.  And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.  And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.  And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king’s mother, and the king’s wives, and his officers, and the mighty of the land, those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.  And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths a thousand, all that were strong and apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.  And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father’s brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.  Zedekiah was twenty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.   And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.  For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.  2 Kings 24:10-20

    “For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat; and I will execute judgment on them there for my people, and for my heritage, Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations. They have divided my land, and have cast lots for my people, and have given a boy for a prostitute, and sold a girl for wine, that they may drink. “Yes, and what are you to me, Tyre, and Sidon, and all the regions of Philistia? Will you repay me? And if you repay me, I will swiftly and speedily return your repayment on your own head.  Because you have taken my silver and my gold, and have carried my finest treasures into your temples, and have sold the children of Judah and the children of Jerusalem to the sons of the Greeks, that you may remove them far from their border.  Behold, I will stir them up out of the place where you have sold them, and will return your repayment on your own head; and I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hands of the children of Judah, and they will sell them to the men of Sheba, to a faraway nation, for Yahweh has spoken it.”  Joel 3:1-8

    Therefore Yahweh says: ‘Your wife shall be a prostitute in the city, and your sons and your daughters shall fall by the sword, and your land shall be divided by line; and you yourself shall die in a land that is unclean, and Israel shall surely be led away captive out of his land.’”  Amos 7:17

    “Look among the nations, watch, and wonder marvelously; for I am working a work in your days, which you will not believe though it is told you.  For, behold, I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty nation, that march through the width of the earth, to possess dwelling places that are not theirs.  They are feared and dreaded. Their judgment and their dignity proceed from themselves.  Their horses also are swifter than leopards, and are more fierce than the evening wolves. Their horsemen press proudly on. Yes, their horsemen come from afar. They fly as an eagle that hurries to devour.  All of them come for violence. Their hordes face the desert. He gathers prisoners like sand.  Yes, he scoffs at kings, and princes are a derision to him. He laughs at every stronghold, for he builds up an earthen ramp, and takes it. Then he sweeps by like the wind, and goes on. He is indeed guilty, whose strength is his god.”  Habakkuk 1:5-11

    Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. He did that which was evil in Yahweh his God’s sight.   Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against him, and bound him in fetters to carry him to Babylon.  Nebuchadnezzar also carried some of the vessels of Yahweh’s house to Babylon, and put them in his temple at Babylon. 
    Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found in him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah; and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place.  Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem. He did that which was evil in Yahweh’s sight.   At the return of the year, king Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon, with the valuable vessels of Yahweh’s house, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.   Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem.   He did that which was evil in Yahweh his God’s sight. He didn’t humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from Yahweh’s mouth.   He also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God; but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart against turning to Yahweh, the God of Israel.  Moreover all the chiefs of the priests, and the people, trespassed very greatly after all the abominations of the nations; and they polluted Yahweh’s house which he had made holy in Jerusalem.   Yahweh, the God of their fathers, sent to them by his messengers, rising up early and sending, because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place;  but they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and scoffed at his prophets, until Yahweh’s wrath arose against his people, until there was no remedy.  Therefore he brought on them the king of the Chaldeans, who killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or gray-headed. He gave them all into his hand.  All the vessels of God’s house, great and small, and the treasures of Yahweh’s house, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes, all these he brought to Babylon.   They burned God’s house, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its palaces with fire, and destroyed all of its valuable vessels.   He carried those who had escaped from the sword away to Babylon, and they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia,  to fulfill Yahweh’s word by Jeremiah’s mouth, until the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths. As long as it lay desolate, it kept Sabbath, to fulfill seventy years.  2 Chronicles 36:5-21

    By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion.  We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof.  For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion.   How shall we sing the LORD’S song in a strange land?  If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning.  If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.  Remember, O LORD, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said, Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof.  O daughter of Babylon, who art to be destroyed; happy shall he be, that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us. Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones.  Psalms 137

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The Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God; and he carried them into the land of Shinar to the house of his god. He brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.
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  • Yahweh will bring a nation against you from far, from the end of the earth, as the eagle flies; a nation whose language you will not understand;  a nation of fierce facial expressions, that doesn’t respect the elderly, nor show favor to the young, and they will eat the fruit of your livestock, and the fruit of your ground, until you are destroyed. They also won’t leave you grain, new wine, or oil, the increase of your livestock, or the young of your flock, until they have caused you to perish.  They will besiege you in all your gates, until your high and fortified walls come down, in which you trusted, throughout all your land. They will besiege you in all your gates throughout all your land, which Yahweh your God has given you.  Deuteronomy 28:49-52 

    3 For I will proclaim the name of Yahweh: Ascribe you greatness to our God. 4 The Rock, his work is perfect; For all his ways are justice: A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, Just and right is he. 15 But Jeshurun grew fat, and kicked: You have grown fat, you are grown thick, you are become sleek; Then he forsook God who made him, Lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation. 18 Of the Rock that became your father, you are unmindful, Have forgotten God who gave you birth. 28 For they are a nation void of counsel, There is no understanding in them. 29 Oh that they were wise, that they understood this, That they would consider their latter end! 30 How should one chase a thousand, Two put ten thousand to flight, Except their Rock had sold them, Yahweh had delivered them up? 31 For their rock is not as our Rock, Even our enemies themselves being judges.
    Deuteronomy 32:3,4,15,18,31

    Yahweh’s anger burned against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of raiders who plundered them. He sold them into the hands of their enemies all around, so that they could no longer stand before their enemies.  Judges 2:14   Therefore Yahweh’s anger burned against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Cushan Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia; and the children of Israel served Cushan Rishathaim eight years.  Judges 3:8   Yahweh sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose army was Sisera, who lived in Harosheth of the Gentiles.  Judges 4:2

    He gave them into the hand of the nations. Those who hated them ruled over them.  Their enemies also oppressed them. They were brought into subjection under their hand.  Psalms 106:41,42

    Who gave Jacob as plunder, and Israel to the robbers? Didn’t Yahweh, he against whom we have sinned? For they would not walk in his ways, and they disobeyed his law.  Isaiah 42:24

  • Belshazzar, while he tasted the wine, commanded that the golden and silver vessels which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem be brought to him; that the king and his lords, his wives and his concubines, might drink from them.  Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of God’s house which was at Jerusalem; and the king and his lords, his wives and his concubines, drank from them.  Daniel 5:2,3

    And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.  2 Kings 24:13

    Also Cyrus the king brought out the vessels of Yahweh’s house, which Nebuchadnezzar had brought out of Jerusalem, and had put in the house of his gods; even those, Cyrus king of Persia brought out by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and counted them out to Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah.  This is the number of them: thirty platters of gold, one thousand platters of silver, twenty-nine knives, thirty bowls of gold, four hundred ten silver bowls of a second sort, and one thousand other vessels.  All the vessels of gold and of silver were five thousand four hundred. Sheshbazzar brought all these up when the captives were brought up from Babylon to Jerusalem.  Ezra 1:7-11

    Also I spoke to the priests and to all this people, saying, Yahweh says, “Don’t listen to the words of your prophets who prophesy to you, saying, ‘Behold, the vessels of Yahweh’s house will now shortly be brought again from Babylon;’ for they prophesy a lie to you.  Don’t listen to them. Serve the king of Babylon, and live. Why should this city become a desolation?  Jeremiah 27:16,17

    He carried out from there all the treasures of Yahweh’s house, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold, which Solomon king of Israel had made in Yahweh’s temple, as Yahweh had said.  2 Kings 24:13

     

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  • The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.  Genesis 10:10

    The whole earth was of one language and of one speech.  As they traveled from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar, and they lived there.  They said to one another, “Come, let’s make bricks, and burn them thoroughly.” They had brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar.  They said, “Come, let’s build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top reaches to the sky, and let’s make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad on the surface of the whole earth.”  Yahweh came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men built.  Yahweh said, “Behold, they are one people, and they all have one language, and this is what they begin to do. Now nothing will be withheld from them, which they intend to do.  Come, let’s go down, and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.” So Yahweh scattered them abroad from there on the surface of all the earth. They stopped building the city.  Therefore its name was called Babel, because there Yahweh confused the language of all the earth. From there, Yahweh scattered them abroad on the surface of all the earth. Genesis 11:1-9

    In the days of Amraphel, king of Shinar; Arioch, king of Ellasar; Chedorlaomer, king of Elam; and Tidal, king of Goiim, they made war with Bera, king of Sodom; Birsha, king of Gomorrah; Shinab, king of Admah; Shemeber, king of Zeboiim; and the king of Bela (also called Zoar).  All these joined together in the valley of Siddim (also called the Salt Sea).  Genesis 14:1-3

    Then the angel who talked with me came forward, and said to me, “Lift up now your eyes, and see what is this that is appearing.”  I said, “What is it?” He said, “This is the ephah basket that is appearing.” He said moreover, “This is their appearance in all the land  (and behold, a talent of lead was lifted up); and this is a woman sitting in the middle of the ephah basket.”  He said, “This is Wickedness;” and he threw her down into the middle of the ephah basket; and he threw the weight of lead on its mouth.  Then lifted I up my eyes, and saw, and behold, there were two women, and the wind was in their wings. Now they had wings like the wings of a stork, and they lifted up the ephah basket between earth and the sky.  Then I said to the angel who talked with me, “Where are these carrying the ephah basket?”   He said to me, “To build her a house in the land of Shinar. When it is prepared, she will be set there in her own place.” Zechariah 5:5-11

The king spoke to Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring in some of the children of Israel, even of the royal offspring and of the nobles;
  • ‘Behold, the days are coming when all that is in your house, and that which your fathers have stored up until today, will be carried to Babylon. Nothing will be left,’ says Yahweh.  ‘They will take away your sons who will issue from you, whom you shall father, and they will be eunuchs in the king of Babylon’s palace.’”  Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “Yahweh’s word which you have spoken is good.” He said moreover, “For there will be peace and truth in my days.”  Isaiah 39:6-8

youths in whom was no defect, but well-favored, and skillful in all wisdom, and endowed with knowledge, and understanding science, and who had the ability to stand in the king’s palace; and that he should teach them the learning and the language of the Chaldeans.

The king appointed for them a daily portion of the king’s dainties, and of the wine which he drank, and that they should be nourished three years; that at its end they should stand before the king.
 
  • Yahweh said, “Even thus will the children of Israel eat their bread unclean, among the nations where I will drive them.” Ezekiel 4:13

    Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,   “Speak to the children of Israel, saying, ‘These are the living things which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth.   Whatever parts the hoof, and is cloven-footed, and chews the cud among the animals, that you may eat.   “‘Nevertheless these you shall not eat of those that chew the cud, or of those who part the hoof: the camel, because he chews the cud but doesn’t have a parted hoof, he is unclean to you.   The cony, because he chews the cud but doesn’t have a parted hoof, he is unclean to you.  The hare, because she chews the cud but doesn’t part the hoof, she is unclean to you.  The pig, because he has a split hoof, and is cloven-footed, but doesn’t chew the cud, he is unclean to you.   Of their meat you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch; they are unclean to you.   “‘These you may eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, that you may eat.   All that don’t have fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of all the living creatures that are in the waters, they are an abomination to you,   and you shall detest them. You shall not eat of their meat, and you shall detest their carcasses.  Whatever has no fins nor scales in the waters, that is an abomination to you.  “‘These you shall detest among the birds; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the vulture, and the black vulture, 
     and the red kite, any kind of black kite, 
     any kind of raven, 
     the horned owl, the screech owl, and the gull, any kind of hawk, 
     the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, 
     the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey, 
     the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe, and the bat. 
     “‘All flying insects that walk on all fours are an abomination to you.   Yet you may eat these: of all winged creeping things that go on all fours, which have legs above their feet, with which to hop on the earth.  Even of these you may eat: any kind of locust, any kind of katydid, any kind of cricket, and any kind of grasshopper.   But all winged creeping things which have four feet, are an abomination to you.  “‘By these you will become unclean: whoever touches their carcass shall be unclean until the evening.  Whoever carries any part of their carcass shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening.  “‘Every animal which parts the hoof, and is not cloven-footed, nor chews the cud, is unclean to you. Everyone who touches them shall be unclean.  Whatever goes on its paws, among all animals that go on all fours, they are unclean to you. Whoever touches their carcass shall be unclean until the evening.   He who carries their carcass shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening. They are unclean to you.  “‘These are they which are unclean to you among the creeping things that creep on the earth: the weasel, the rat, any kind of great lizard,  the gecko, and the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink, and the chameleon.   These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.  On whatever any of them falls when they are dead, it shall be unclean; whether it is any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or sack, whatever vessel it is, with which any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the evening; then it will be clean.   Every earthen vessel, into which any of them falls, all that is in it shall be unclean, and you shall break it.  All food which may be eaten, that on which water comes, shall be unclean; and all drink that may be drunk in every such vessel shall be unclean.  Everything whereupon part of their carcass falls shall be unclean; whether oven, or range for pots, it shall be broken in pieces: they are unclean, and shall be unclean to you.  Nevertheless a spring or a cistern in which water is gathered shall be clean: but that which touches their carcass shall be unclean.   If part of their carcass falls on any sowing seed which is to be sown, it is clean.   But if water is put on the seed, and part of their carcass falls on it, it is unclean to you.  “‘If any animal, of which you may eat, dies; he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.  He who eats of its carcass shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening. He also who carries its carcass shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening.  “‘Every creeping thing that creeps on the earth is an abomination. It shall not be eaten.  Whatever goes on its belly, and whatever goes on all fours, or whatever has many feet, even all creeping things that creep on the earth, them you shall not eat; for they are an abomination.  You shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creeps. You shall not make yourselves unclean with them, that you should be defiled thereby.  For I am Yahweh your God. Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be holy; for I am holy. You shall not defile yourselves with any kind of creeping thing that moves on the earth.  For I am Yahweh who brought you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God. You shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.  “‘This is the law of the animal, and of the bird, and of every living creature that moves in the waters, and of every creature that creeps on the earth,  to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean, and between the living thing that may be eaten and the living thing that may not be eaten.’” Leviticus 11

    You shall not eat any abominable thing. 
    These are the animals which you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat, 
    the deer, the gazelle, the roebuck, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the chamois. 
    Every animal that parts the hoof, and has the hoof cloven in two and chews the cud, among the animals, that may you eat. 
    Nevertheless these you shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of those who have the hoof cloven: the camel, the hare, and the rabbit. Because they chew the cud but don’t part the hoof, they are unclean to you. 
    The pig, because it has a split hoof but doesn’t chew the cud, is unclean to you. You shall not eat their meat, and you shall not touch their carcasses. These you may eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales may you eat. 
    You shall not eat whatever doesn’t have fins and scales. It is unclean to you. 
    Of all clean birds you may eat. But these are they of which you shall not eat: the eagle, the vulture, the osprey, 
    the red kite, the falcon, the kite after its kind, 
    every raven after its kind, 
    the ostrich, the owl, the seagull, the hawk after its kind, 
    the little owl, the great owl, the horned owl, 
    the pelican, the vulture, the cormorant, 
    the stork, the heron after its kind, the hoopoe, and the bat. 
    All winged creeping things are unclean to you. They shall not be eaten. 
    Of all clean birds you may eat. 
    You shall not eat of anything that dies of itself. You may give it to the foreigner living among you who is within your gates, that he may eat it; or you may sell it to a foreigner; for you are a holy people to Yahweh your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.  Deuteronomy 14:3-21

    “I am inquired of by those who didn’t ask. I am found by those who didn’t seek me. I said, ‘See me, see me,’ to a nation that was not called by my name.  I have spread out my hands all day to a rebellious people, who walk in a way that is not good, after their own thoughts;  a people who provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens, and burning incense on bricks;  who sit among the graves, and spend nights in secret places; who eat pig’s meat, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels; who say, ‘Stay by yourself, don’t come near to me, for I am holier than you.’ These are smoke in my nose, a fire that burns all day.  Isaiah 65:1-5

    “Those who sanctify themselves and purify themselves to go to the gardens, behind one in the middle, eating pig’s meat, abominable things, and the mouse, they shall come to an end together,” says Yahweh.  Isaiah 66:17

  • Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.  Proverbs 20:1

    Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes?  They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine.  Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright.  At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder.  Proverbs 23:29-32

    But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.  Isaiah 28:7

  • That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well. Acts 15:29

    As touching the Gentiles which believe, we have written and concluded that they observe no such thing, save only that they keep themselves from things offered to idols, and from blood, and from strangled, and from fornication. Acts 21:25


    For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol’s temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols; I Corinthians 8:10

Now among these were of the children of Judah: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. 
 

Daniel = God is my Judge

Hananiah = Yah is gracious

Mishael = Who is what El is?

Azariah = Yah has helped

The prince of the eunuchs gave names to them: to Daniel he gave the name Belteshazzar; to Hananiah, Shadrach; to Mishael, Meshach; and to Azariah, Abednego.
 
  • Daniel to Belteshazzar = Keeper of Hidden treasures of Bel.  1) These treasures could be the temple vessels from the House of God in Jerusalem that are now in Bel’s House.  2) Daniel could have been given the name Belshazzar = Bel protect the King, this is the same name as Nebuchadnezzar’s grandson in Daniel 5.  It is said that Daniel may have added the TE to = Bel NOT to protect the King.  Daniel, like a teenager, may have been saying ‘you may try to give me this name –NOT!  3) Daniel maintains his name in captivity.  See Daniel 4:8 and Daniel 5:12.

    Hananiah to Shadrach = Command of Aku.  Aku being the name of the Babylonian god of the moon.

    Mishael to Meshach = Who is what Aku is.  Again, Aku is the Babylonian god of the moon.

    Azariah to Abednego = Slave of Nebo/Nabu.  Nebo is the Babylonian god of wisdom.

    And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father’s brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.  2 Kings 24:17

    Name Changes were common

    And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphnathpaaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.  Genesis 41:45

But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the king’s dainties, nor with the wine which he drank. Therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself
 
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  • Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.  Psalms 17:3

    Then tidings of these things came unto the ears of the church which was in Jerusalem: and they sent forth Barnabas, that he should go as far as Antioch.  Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.  Acts 11:22,23

    Nevertheless he that standeth stedfast in his heart, having no necessity, but hath power over his own will, and hath so decreed in his heart that he will keep his virgin, doeth well.  I Corinthians 7:37

    Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. 2 Corinthians 9:7

  • Yahweh said, “Even thus will the children of Israel eat their bread unclean, among the nations where I will drive them.” Ezekiel 4:13

    Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,   “Speak to the children of Israel, saying, ‘These are the living things which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth.   Whatever parts the hoof, and is cloven-footed, and chews the cud among the animals, that you may eat.   “‘Nevertheless these you shall not eat of those that chew the cud, or of those who part the hoof: the camel, because he chews the cud but doesn’t have a parted hoof, he is unclean to you.   The cony, because he chews the cud but doesn’t have a parted hoof, he is unclean to you.  The hare, because she chews the cud but doesn’t part the hoof, she is unclean to you.  The pig, because he has a split hoof, and is cloven-footed, but doesn’t chew the cud, he is unclean to you.   Of their meat you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch; they are unclean to you.   “‘These you may eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, that you may eat.   All that don’t have fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of all the living creatures that are in the waters, they are an abomination to you,   and you shall detest them. You shall not eat of their meat, and you shall detest their carcasses.  Whatever has no fins nor scales in the waters, that is an abomination to you.  “‘These you shall detest among the birds; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the vulture, and the black vulture, 
     and the red kite, any kind of black kite, 
     any kind of raven, 
     the horned owl, the screech owl, and the gull, any kind of hawk, 
     the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, 
     the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey, 
     the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe, and the bat. 
     “‘All flying insects that walk on all fours are an abomination to you.   Yet you may eat these: of all winged creeping things that go on all fours, which have legs above their feet, with which to hop on the earth.  Even of these you may eat: any kind of locust, any kind of katydid, any kind of cricket, and any kind of grasshopper.   But all winged creeping things which have four feet, are an abomination to you.  “‘By these you will become unclean: whoever touches their carcass shall be unclean until the evening.  Whoever carries any part of their carcass shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening.  “‘Every animal which parts the hoof, and is not cloven-footed, nor chews the cud, is unclean to you. Everyone who touches them shall be unclean.  Whatever goes on its paws, among all animals that go on all fours, they are unclean to you. Whoever touches their carcass shall be unclean until the evening.   He who carries their carcass shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening. They are unclean to you.  “‘These are they which are unclean to you among the creeping things that creep on the earth: the weasel, the rat, any kind of great lizard,  the gecko, and the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink, and the chameleon.   These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.  On whatever any of them falls when they are dead, it shall be unclean; whether it is any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or sack, whatever vessel it is, with which any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the evening; then it will be clean.   Every earthen vessel, into which any of them falls, all that is in it shall be unclean, and you shall break it.  All food which may be eaten, that on which water comes, shall be unclean; and all drink that may be drunk in every such vessel shall be unclean.  Everything whereupon part of their carcass falls shall be unclean; whether oven, or range for pots, it shall be broken in pieces: they are unclean, and shall be unclean to you.  Nevertheless a spring or a cistern in which water is gathered shall be clean: but that which touches their carcass shall be unclean.   If part of their carcass falls on any sowing seed which is to be sown, it is clean.   But if water is put on the seed, and part of their carcass falls on it, it is unclean to you.  “‘If any animal, of which you may eat, dies; he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.  He who eats of its carcass shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening. He also who carries its carcass shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening.  “‘Every creeping thing that creeps on the earth is an abomination. It shall not be eaten.  Whatever goes on its belly, and whatever goes on all fours, or whatever has many feet, even all creeping things that creep on the earth, them you shall not eat; for they are an abomination.  You shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creeps. You shall not make yourselves unclean with them, that you should be defiled thereby.  For I am Yahweh your God. Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be holy; for I am holy. You shall not defile yourselves with any kind of creeping thing that moves on the earth.  For I am Yahweh who brought you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God. You shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.  “‘This is the law of the animal, and of the bird, and of every living creature that moves in the waters, and of every creature that creeps on the earth,  to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean, and between the living thing that may be eaten and the living thing that may not be eaten.’” Leviticus 11

    You shall not eat any abominable thing. 
    These are the animals which you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat, 
    the deer, the gazelle, the roebuck, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the chamois. 
    Every animal that parts the hoof, and has the hoof cloven in two and chews the cud, among the animals, that may you eat. 
    Nevertheless these you shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of those who have the hoof cloven: the camel, the hare, and the rabbit. Because they chew the cud but don’t part the hoof, they are unclean to you. 
    The pig, because it has a split hoof but doesn’t chew the cud, is unclean to you. You shall not eat their meat, and you shall not touch their carcasses. These you may eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales may you eat. 
    You shall not eat whatever doesn’t have fins and scales. It is unclean to you. 
    Of all clean birds you may eat. But these are they of which you shall not eat: the eagle, the vulture, the osprey, 
    the red kite, the falcon, the kite after its kind, 
    every raven after its kind, 
    the ostrich, the owl, the seagull, the hawk after its kind, 
    the little owl, the great owl, the horned owl, 
    the pelican, the vulture, the cormorant, 
    the stork, the heron after its kind, the hoopoe, and the bat. 
    All winged creeping things are unclean to you. They shall not be eaten. 
    Of all clean birds you may eat. 
    You shall not eat of anything that dies of itself. You may give it to the foreigner living among you who is within your gates, that he may eat it; or you may sell it to a foreigner; for you are a holy people to Yahweh your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.  Deuteronomy 14:3-21

    “I am inquired of by those who didn’t ask. I am found by those who didn’t seek me. I said, ‘See me, see me,’ to a nation that was not called by my name.  I have spread out my hands all day to a rebellious people, who walk in a way that is not good, after their own thoughts;  a people who provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens, and burning incense on bricks;  who sit among the graves, and spend nights in secret places; who eat pig’s meat, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels; who say, ‘Stay by yourself, don’t come near to me, for I am holier than you.’ These are smoke in my nose, a fire that burns all day.  Isaiah 65:1-5

    “Those who sanctify themselves and purify themselves to go to the gardens, behind one in the middle, eating pig’s meat, abominable things, and the mouse, they shall come to an end together,” says Yahweh.  Isaiah 66:17

  • Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.  Proverbs 20:1

    Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes?  They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine.  Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright.  At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder.  Proverbs 23:29-32

    But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.  Isaiah 28:7

  • But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things strangled, and from blood.  Acts 15:20

    That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well. Acts 15:29

    As touching the Gentiles which believe, we have written and concluded that they observe no such thing, save only that they keep themselves from things offered to idols, and from blood, and from strangled, and from fornication. Acts 21:25

    For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol’s temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols; I Corinthians 8:10

    Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have we polluted thee? In that ye say, The table of the LORD is contemptible. Malachi 1:7    But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the LORD is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible. Malachi 1:12

    And he shall say, Where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted, Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, and be your protection.  Deutronomy 32:37,38

Now God made Daniel find kindness and compassion in the sight of the prince of the eunuchs. 
 

10 

The prince of the eunuchs said to Daniel, “I fear my lord the king, who has appointed your food and your drink. For why should he see your faces worse looking than the youths who are of your own age? Then you would endanger my head with the king.”
 

11 

Then Daniel said to the steward whom the prince of the eunuchs had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah:
 

12 

“Test your servants, I beg you, ten days; and let them give us vegetables to eat, and water to drink. 
 
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  • God said, “Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree, which bears fruit yielding seed. It will be your food.  To every animal of the earth, and to every bird of the sky, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food;” and it was so.  Genesis 1:29,30

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13 

Then let our faces be examined before you, and the face of the youths who eat of the king’s dainties; and as you see, deal with your servants.”
 
fruit2

14 

So he listened to them in this matter, and tested them for ten days.
 

15 

At the end of ten days, their faces appeared fairer, and they were fatter in flesh, than all the youths who ate of the king’s dainties.
 
  • You shall serve Yahweh your God, and he will bless your bread and your water, and I will take sickness away from among you.  Exodus 23:25

    It shall happen, if you shall listen diligently to Yahweh your God’s voice, to observe to do all his commandments which I command you today, that Yahweh your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth.  All these blessings will come upon you, and overtake you, if you listen to Yahweh your God’s voice.  You shall be blessed in the city, and you shall be blessed in the field.  You shall be blessed in the fruit of your body, the fruit of your ground, the fruit of your animals, the increase of your livestock, and the young of your flock.  Your basket and your kneading trough shall be blessed.  You shall be blessed when you come in, and you shall be blessed when you go out.  Yahweh will cause your enemies who rise up against you to be struck before you. They will come out against you one way, and will flee before you seven ways.  Yahweh will command the blessing on you in your barns, and in all that you put your hand to. He will bless you in the land which Yahweh your God gives you.  Yahweh will establish you for a holy people to himself, as he has sworn to you, if you shall keep the commandments of Yahweh your God, and walk in his ways.  All the peoples of the earth shall see that you are called by Yahweh’s name, and they will be afraid of you.  Yahweh will grant you abundant prosperity, in the fruit of your body, in the fruit of your livestock, and in the fruit of your ground, in the land which Yahweh swore to your fathers to give you.  Yahweh will open to you his good treasure in the sky, to give the rain of your land in its season, and to bless all the work of your hand. You will lend to many nations, and you will not borrow. Yahweh will make you the head, and not the tail. You will be above only, and you will not be beneath; if you listen to the commandments of Yahweh your God, which I command you today, to observe and to do, and shall not turn away from any of the words which I command you today, to the right hand, or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them.  Deuteronomy 28:1-14

    Better is a little that the righteous has, than the abundance of many wicked. For the arms of the wicked shall be broken, but Yahweh upholds the righteous.  Yahweh knows the days of the perfect. Their inheritance shall be forever. They shall not be disappointed in the time of evil. In the days of famine they shall be satisfied. Psalms 37:16-19

    Yahweh’s blessing brings wealth, and he adds no trouble to it.  Proverbs 10:22

16 

 
So the steward took away their dainties, and the wine that they would drink, and gave them vegetables.
 

17 

Now as for these four youths, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom; and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.
 

18 

At the end of the days which the king had appointed for bringing them in, the prince of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar.
 
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19 

The king talked with them; and among them all was found no one like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. Therefore stood they before the king. 
 
  • Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.  Genesis 41:46

    David came to Saul, and stood before him. He loved him greatly; and he became his armor bearer.  I Samuel 16:21

    King Rehoboam took counsel with the old men, who had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, “What counsel do you give me to answer these people?” They replied, “If you will be a servant to this people today, and will serve them, and answer them with good words, then they will be your servants forever.” 
    But he abandoned the counsel of the old men which they had given him, and took counsel with the young men who had grown up with him, who stood before him.  1 Kings 12:6-8

20 

In every matter of wisdom and understanding, concerning which the king inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters who were in all his realm. 
 
  • Do you see a man skilled in his work? He will serve kings. He won’t serve obscure men.  Proverbs 22:29

    How I love your law! It is my meditation all day.  Your commandments make me wiser than my enemies, for your commandments are always with me.   I have more understanding than all my teachers, for your testimonies are my meditation.  I understand more than the aged, because I have kept your precepts.  Psalms 119:97-100

21 

 Daniel continued even to the first year of king Cyrus.
 
  • Yahweh says to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have held, to subdue nations before him, and strip kings of their armor; to open the doors before him, and the gates shall not be shut:  “I will go before you, and make the rough places smooth. I will break the doors of brass in pieces, and cut apart the bars of iron.  I will give you the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that you may know that it is I, Yahweh, who call you by your name, even the God of Israel.  For Jacob my servant’s sake, and Israel my chosen, I have called you by your name. I have given you a title, though you have not known me.  Isaiah 45:1-4